RECENT BOOKS: Code Version 2.0 (Lessig, et al) … Code (Aiyer-Ghosh, ed)… Mobile Communications and Society (multiple authors)

Now, I wouldn’t complain, for sure, if someone gifted me copies of these books! –FN

Lawrence Lessig

Code Version 2.0

ISBN-13: 978-0-465-03914-2
ISBN-10: 0-465-03914-6
Basic Books, New York 2006 Pp 410
A primer of ‘running code’ for digital civilization.

Stewart Brand

[This book is devoted “To Wikipedia, the one surprise that teaches more than everything here.”]

Since its original publication 1999, this foundational book has become a classic in its field. This second edition, Code Version 2.0, updates the work and was prepared in part through a wiki, a web site allowing readers to edit the text, making this the first reader-revision of a popular book.

Code counters the common belief that cyberspace cannot be controlled or censored. To the contrary, under the influence of commerce, cyberspace is becoming a highly regulable world where behaviour will be much more tightly controlled than in real space.

We can — we must — choose what kind of cyberspace we want and what freedoms it will guarantee. These choices are all about architecture: what kind of code will govern cyberspace, and who will control it.

In this realm, code is th emost significant form of law an dit is up to lawyers, policymakers, an despecially average citizens to decide what values that code embodies.

Lawrence Lessig is the C Wendell and Edith M Carlsmith Professor of Law at Stanford Law School and founder of the school’s Centre for the Internet and Society. After clerking for Judge Richard Posner on the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals and for Justice Antonin Scalia on the US Supreme Court, he taught at The University of Chicago, Yale Law Schol, and Harvard Law School before moving to Stanford. His other books are Free Culture and The Future of Ideas. In 2002 he was named one of Scientific American’s Top 50 Visionaries. He lives in San Francisco, California.

* Preface to the Second Edition
* Preface to the First Edition

Chapter 1: Code is Law
Chapter 2: Four Puzzles from Cyberspace


Chapter 3: Is-Ism: Is the Way It is the Way it Must be?
Chapter 4: Architectures of Control
Chapter 5: Regulating Code


Chapter 6: Cyberspaces
Chapter 7: What Things Regulate
Chapter 8: The Limits in Open Code


Chapter 9: Translation
Chapter 10: Intellectual Property
Chapter 11: Privacy
Chapter 12: Free Speech
Chapter 13: Interlude


Chapter 14: Sovereignty
Chapter 15: Competition Among Sovereigns
Chapter 16: The Problems We Face
Chapter 17: Responses
Chapter 18: What Declan Doesn’t Get

Appendix, notes and index.

* * * * *

Collaborative Ownership and the Digital Commons
Rishab Aiyer Ghosh (Ed)
2005, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
ISBN 0-262-07260-2 (hc.: alk.paper)

Open source software is considered by many to be a novelty and the open source movement a revolution. Yet, the collaborative creation of knowledge gone on for as long as humans have been able to communicate.

CODE looks at the collaborative model of creativity — with examples ranging from collective ownership in indigenous societies to free software, academic science, and the human genome project — and finds it an alternative to proprietary frameworks for creativity based on strong intellectual property rights.

The contributors to CODE, from such diverse fields as economics, anthropology, law, and software development, examine collaborative creativity from a variety of perspectives, looking at new an dold forms of creative collaboration and the mechanisms emerging to study them.

Discussing the philosophically resonant issues of ownership, property, and the commons, they ask if the increasing application of the language of property rights to knowledge and creativity contributes a second enclosure movement – or if the worldwide acclaim for free software signifies a renaissance of the commons.

Two concluding chapters offer concrete possibilities for both alternatives, with one proposing the establishment of “positive intellectual rights” to information and another issuing a warning against threats to networked knowledge posed by globalisation.

Rishab Aiyer Ghosh is Programme Leader at the International Institute of Infonomics at Maastricht Universty. He was one of the founders and is the current managing editor of ‘First Monday’, the peer-reviewed internet journal.


* Philippe Aigrain
* Yochai Benkler
* Boatema Boaten
* David Bollier
* James Boyle
* John Clippinger
* Paul A David
* Rishab Aiyer Ghosh
* Cori Hayden
* Tim Hubbard
* Christopher Keity
* James Leach
* James Love
* fred Myers
* Anthony Seeger
* Richard Stallman
* Marilyn Strathern


1. Why collaboration is important (again)
  Rishab Aiyre Ghosh

I. Creativity and Domains of Collaboration

2. Imagined collectivities and multiple authorship
  Marilyn Srathern

3. Modes of crativity and the register of ownership
  James Leach

4. Some properties of culture and persons
  Fred Myers

5. Square pegs in round holes? Cultural production, intellectual property frameworks, and discourses of power
   Boatema Boateng

6. Who got left out of the property grab again: oral traditions, indigenous rights, and valauble old knowledge
Anthony Seeger

7. From keeping ‘nature’s secrets’ to the institutionalization of ‘open science’
  Paul A David

II Mechanics for Collaboration

8. Benefit-sharing: experiments in governance
  Cori Hayden

9. Trust among the alorithms: ownership, identity and the collaborative stewardshpi of information
  Christophre Kelty

10 Cooking-pot markets and balanced value flows
  Rishab Aiyer Ghosh

11 Coase’s penguin, or Linux, and the nature of the firm
  Yochai Benkler

12 Paying for public goods
  James Love and Time Hubbard

III Ownership, Property, and the Commons

13 Fencing off ideas: enclosure and the disappearance of the public domain
  James Boyle

14 A renaissance of the commons: how the new sciences and internet are framing a new global identity and order
  John Clippinger and David Bollier

15 Positive intellectual rights and information exchanges
  Philippe Aigrain

16 Copyright and globalisation in the age of computer  networks
  Richard Stallman

* * * * *

Mobile Communication and Society: A Global Perspective
Manuel Castells, Mireia Fernandez-Ardevol, Jack Linchuan Qui, and Araba Sey
The MIT Press, 2007
ISBN 0-262-03355-0 (alk.paper)
Pp 331

“Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. Are mobile phones expressions of identity, fashionable gadgets, tools for life — or all of the above? ‘Mobile Communications and Society’ looks at how the possibility of multimodal communications from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, at work, and at school, and raises broader concerns about politics and culture both global and local.

Drawing on data gathered from around the world, the authors explore who has access to wireless technology, and why, and analyze the patterns of social differential seen in unequal access. They explore the social effects of wireless communication — what it means for family life, for example, when everyone is constantly in touch, or for the idea of an office when workers can work anywhere. Is the technological ability to multitask further compressing time in our already hurried existence?

The authors consider the rise of a mobile youth culture based on peer-to-peer networks, with its own language of testing, and its own values. They examine the phenomenon of flash mobs, and the possible political implications. And they look at the relationship between communication and development and the possibility that “developing countries” could “leapfrog” directly to wireless and satellite technologies. This sweeping book — moving easily in its analysis from the United States to China, from Europe to Latin America and Africa — answers the key questions about our transformation into a mobile network society.”

* Opening: Our Networks, Our Lives
* The Diffusion of Wireless Communications in the World
* The Social Differentiation of Wireless Communication Users: Age, Gender, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status
* Communication and Mobility in Everyday Life
* The Mobile Youth Culture
* The Space of Flows, Timeless Time, and Mobile Networks
* The Language of Wireless Communication
* The Mobile Civil Society: Social Movements, Political Power, and Communication Networks
* Wireless Communication and Global Development: New Issues, New Strategies
* Conclusion: The Mobile Network Society

Other books in The Information Revolution & Global Politics series

The Information Revolution and ‘Developing Countries’ Ernest Wilson, 2004

Human Rights in the Global Information Society edited by Rikke Frank Jorgensen, 2006

Price not mentioned. At Gleebooks in .Au AUD$ 56.95

* * * * *

Thanks to Al Alegre for making the books accessible. –FN

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